Disciplinary charges against 2 officers in Tamir Rice case

A woman holds up a picture of Tamir Rice, 12, who was fatally shot by a police officer in Cleveland, Ohio.  (AP)

Internal disciplinary charges have been brought against two white police officers involved in the killing of Tamir Rice, a 12-year-old black boy playing with a pellet gun outside a recreation center, city officials said. But a police union said the officer who fatally shot the boy “did nothing wrong that day.”

Disciplinary charges recommended against Officers Timothy Loehmann, who shot Tamir, and Frank Garmback, who was driving their cruiser, were sent to the city’s safety director, police Chief Calvin Williams said. The director will determine what action might be taken regarding the disciplinary charges, which city officials didn’t specify during a Friday evening news conference. Disciplinary hearings will be held.

The two officers went to the recreation center in November 2014 after a man drinking beer and waiting for a bus there called 911 to report a “guy” was pointing a gun at people. The caller told the 911 dispatcher the guy was probably a juvenile and the gun might be “fake,” information never relayed to the officers.

Loehmann shot Tamir within seconds of the police cruiser skidding to a stop near the boy. The officers told investigators Loehmann had shouted three times at Tamir to raise his hands.

The killing became part of a national outcry about minorities, especially black boys and men, dying at the hands of police.

The Cleveland Plain Dealer reported Friday that Loehmann and Garmback received the letters along with a third officer, William Cunningham.

The newspaper said the letters outlined these reasons for the discipline:

Loehmann allegedly lied on his Cleveland police application, not disclosing that when he worked at the Independence Police Department for six months a letter was placed in his personnel file saying he was emotionally immature and had “an inability to emotionally function.” The disciplinary letter also said Loehmann had an emotional breakdown on the gun range in Independence and that he failed a 2009 written exam when he applied for an officer’s job in Maple Heights. It said Loehmann never mentioned the Maple Heights test.

Garmback drove his cruiser too close to Tamir when Garmback responded to what he thought was an armed suspect and he failed to report the time he arrived at the scene.

Cunningham, who was working off-duty at the recreation center, was accused of lying to investigators and working off-duty at the center without permission.

The Cuyahoga County prosecutor announced in December 2015 that Loehmann and Garmback wouldn’t be indicted after telling a grand jury there wasn’t evidence to support criminal charges.

The Cleveland Police Patrolmen’s Association said Friday it was “encouraged” that Loehmann wasn’t charged with any wrongdoing regarding his response to the events of Nov. 22, 2014, which it called “tragic.”

“Nevertheless, all agree that Officer Loehmann was not wrong in reacting the way he did,” union president Stephen S. Loomis said in a statement. “It appears that the actual charges are created to discipline him, and perhaps discharge him, despite the fact that he did nothing wrong that day.”

The union said it was “disappointing” that Garmback was charged with “making a tactical error on his approach, when it is apparent that the car slid in the ice and mud well beyond what he intended.”

The union said it was reviewing the disciplinary charges and would prepare appropriate defenses for the officers. It said there would be no comment from the officers.

A Rice family attorney had called for the firings of the two officers. The attorney, Subodh Chandra, sent a letter to the police chief on Jan. 3 questioning why they hadn’t been fired or disciplined.

Tamir’s mother, Samaria Rice, settled a federal civil rights lawsuit with the city for $6 million.

Source: http://allofbeer.com/2017/12/10/disciplinary-charges-against-2-officers-in-tamir-rice-case/

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Man Collects Bottle Caps For 5 Years To Redo His Kitchen, And Here’s The Result

One guy designed and built a custom bottle cap bar top that would become the centerpiece of any room.

He and his friends and family saved 2,530 beer caps over 5 years specifically for this project. The caps belong to domestic, craft, and import drinks.

“The initial concept was to lay out an image comprised of bottle caps,” he said. “Then reality set in and we opted for the much easier gradient effect.” The selected sequence is called ROYGBIV (a sequence of hues, commonly described as making up a rainbow: rainbow: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet).

It took at least 4 hours and several restarts to get the desired pattern. “Initially I was being pretty anal about cap alignment, color disbursement etc. In the end, we decided to introduce entropy and New Holland’s Dragon’s Milk, which I feel was the secret ingredient.” Everything was then covered with 5 layers of epoxy resin and voila! A perfect conversation starter for any indoor party.

One creative man decided to redo his kitchen, making its countertop the most impressive feature

He and his friends and family collected 2,530 caps over the course of 5 years to make it happen

The production started with sorting out the caps by hue: “Basically tried to bucket them into ROYGBIV,” he explained

“Two large pieces of quality 5/8″ plywood form the base. The rails are 1 1/2″ poplar and were notched with a table saw and hand routed”

“Painted matte black with several cans of Rustoleum. The finish does not have to be perfect since it will be covered in epoxy”

“[But] it needs to be as close to perfectly level as possible, otherwise, the epoxy resin will “pool” in low spots”

“The initial concept was to lay out an image comprised of bottle caps, then reality set in and we opted for the much easier gradient effect”

“This is <…> resin, which fills any available airspace. It was better to just pour the resin slowly making thin layers, not thick enough to cover the caps”

“It took ~5 layers to thoroughly cover the caps”

“Visually, we felt it would be more interesting dispersing various caps to add pops of color”

“Here you can see how we laid them out allowing the caps to “flow” into each other, rather than having hard color stops”

“I am so proud of this project. It is a real conversation piece and we did it together, true DIY”

Source: http://allofbeer.com/2017/12/09/man-collects-bottle-caps-for-5-years-to-redo-his-kitchen-and-heres-the-result/

Yes, poop is gross. But that’s not the only reason for its shameful social stigma.

Why are we all so prim and anxious about the sounds, smells, and substances that emanate from our keisters?

The obvious answer is that, well, poop and farts are gross. It is waste, after all, and full of (potentially harmful) bacteria. That’s why other people’s farts always smell worse than our own: to warn us of the impending intrusion of intestinal insalubrity.

But there must be another reason for our rear ends’ rude and ribald reputation, right? Well, as it turns out, there’s a lot of cruddy history behind our shame.

GIF from “Spider-Man.”

Ancient civilizations believed our derrieres’ disgusting discharge was indicative of defects and disorder within us.

Back around the 16th or 17th centuries BC, Egyptian medical texts such as the Ebers Papyrus and the Edwin Smith Papyrus helped popularize what’s now known as autointoxication. Not to be confused with auto-brewery syndrome, the idea was that any undigested foodstuff that stayed in our system would end up rotting and poisoning us from the inside out and this was the primary cause of everything from schizophrenia to cancer.

That’s right: The Egyptians believed that constipation caused cancer and that it was entirely your fault when it happened. Look, they were a little busy building those big fancy pyramids, so you can forgive them for a few anatomical oversights.

GIF from “The Simpsons.”

The ancient Greeks took this one step further with the introduction of the Four Humors.

Humorism was a theory of medicine that tried to explain our health and personalities through an internal balance of four metabolic liquid elements. The choleric temperament yellow bile worked through the digestive tract and was said to be responsible for coloring our poop.

It was also associated with aggressive, impulsive, and obstinate behavior. These were good qualities for leaders to have in moderation. But too much yellow bile and, well, you were probably full of sh*t.

GIF from “Hercules.”

Then Christianity took the gluteus maximus and turned it into “Gloria in excrement Deo.”

While there is some talk about fruit as food in the beginning of Genesis, the only thing that Adam and Eve ever actually eat in the Bible is that damn apple that got them into trouble in the first place. God cursed them with all kinds of pain and shame when He cast them out and, well, it stands to reason that clippin’ the biscuit would be among the awkward and uncomfortable bodily functions they were forced to endure. Just as they were ashamed of their own nakedness, they were probably ashamed of their stinky pebbles too.

GIF from Epic Rap Battles of History/YouTube.

This idea of poop-as-original-sin is also echoed in Deuteronomy 23: 12-14:

“12. Designate a place outside the camp where you can go to relieve yourself. 13. As part of your equipment have something to dig with, and when you relieve yourself, dig a hole and cover up your excrement. 14. For the Lord your God moves about in your camp to protect you and to deliver your enemies to you. Your camp must be holy, so that he will not see among you anything indecent and turn away from you.

Basically, stool is a filthy human function, and you need to clean up your crap so that God doesn’t step in it.

GIF from “Fist of Jesus.”

But things changed in the late 1800s when the flush toilet started catching on.

As David Praeger explains in his book “Poop Culture: How America Is Shaped by Its Grossest National Product,” hygiene became a hallmark of the elite, and the upwardly mobile Victorians saw their porcelain privilege as another way to set themselves above the lower classes.

Those with proper manners did not acknowledge the existence of their … ya know. The social stigma asserted that only poor people pooped. (This probably compounded with Victorian concepts of purity and sexuality too, leading to that persistent and weirdly gendered notion that women don’t poop.)

GIF from “Bridesmaids.”

Our potty practices don’t always agree with the pressure that the modern world places on our productivity either.

Good gut health can make our brains work better. But droppin’ a deuce when you’re supposed to be on duty doesn’t always go so well. Even if your employer provides you with sick days and health care, they might take notice when nature calls and you’re not at your desk when you should be.

“I try to time when I’m going to the bathroom at work based on when I expect that no one will be looking for me, so I can disappear for 15-20 minutes at a time,” said Andy, a 30-year-old man with Irritable Bowel Syndrome who works in Washington, D.C., in an interview. Andy wasn’t diagnosed until his mid-20s, when he was living on his own for the first time and realized that his heinie habits weren’t like other people’s, and it really wasn’t funny anymore like it used to be in high school.

“But it’s awkward when your boss sends you an email ‘Where are you? I need this right now,’ and you’re in the bathroom. How do you say ‘Hold on a minute, I’m pooping my brains out, but I’ll get to it as soon as I can?’ Suddenly you look like you’re slacking off because people can’t find you when they need you.”

Unfortunately, these misinformed connections between virtue and our posterior pop’ems still linger like stink in our communal cultural bathroom. And that’s a big problem.

To this day, our society still equates poopability with happiness and moral standing. So while yes, it’s embarrassing and disgusting, this skewed sense of shame is preventing us from seeking the medical help we need to make our bodies function to the best of their abilities poop and all.

For example, only about 22% of Americans seek health care for constipation, but it’s one of the five most common gastrointestinal disorders. Meanwhile, we’re spending $800 million a year on laxatives and even more on emergency room visits for overstuffed bowels. The situation is so bad we barely know how to qualify what counts as a “normal” frequency of bowel movements because no one is willing to acknowledge they happen at all!

GIF from Spaceshroom/Deviant Art.

Don’t get me wrong: Poop is gross. It’s hilarious, but it’s definitely gross and it’s something that everybody does.

So let’s put a plug in the shame that comes from our butts and acknowledge the smelly struggles of everyone’s poop chute.

Our physical well-being, not to mention our pride, may depend on it.

Source: http://allofbeer.com/2017/12/09/yes-poop-is-gross-but-thats-not-the-only-reason-for-its-shameful-social-stigma/

Craft beer industry could be caught on the hops as shortage looms

Blighted European hop harvest last year and growing demand for craft beer may see prices rise too high for some independent brewers

Fans of craft beer could soon face higher bar bills as small, independent brewers face a potentially serious shortage of hops.

The hot and dry weather last summer blighted the European hop harvest, and strong demand for craft beers, many of which use a large amount of hops, is putting small brewers profit margins under pressure and forcing them to raise prices.

Prices of some hop varieties have risen by up to 50%, industry sources say, while others are up to five times more expensive or simply not available, according to insiders.

On his farm at Boughton Under Blean in Kent, Tony Redsell has been growing hops since 1948, and some of the varieties he cultivates, strung along yarns supported by rows of high poles in the traditional fashion, are more than 200 years old.

He sells most of his hops under contract to small brewers in the US and his prices have risen by 20% in the past three years. Last year, the German crop was well down and American growers could not make up the difference, suggesting that prices will go up again.

The growth of craft brewing in the US has boosted demand for English varieties, Redsell told Reuters. Its a good time to be a hop farmer.

Most brewers have contracts with hop growers that protect them from sudden price surges, but future supply is at risk. The scarcity may get worse as multinationals such as AB InBev and SABMiller buy up craft beer brands and ramp up their production.

Bill Manley, the small batch product manager at Californian craft beer pioneer Sierra Nevada, said: Its tough for brewers, especially brewers that dont have hop contracts or who were a little late to the contracting game.

According to Manley, you have to go around and knock on doors like a neighbour trying to borrow a cup of sugar if you require more hops than projected due to better than expected sales.

Along with water, malt and yeast, hops are one of the main ingredients of beer. Germany and the US are the two dominant hop growers, each accounting for one-third of global production.

Germanys harvest fell by 27% last summer, according to the International Hop Growers Convention. There were also sharp declines in Czech Republic and Slovenia.

A
A selection of beers at a bar in New York. The US accounts for one-third of global hop production. Photograph: Brendan Mcdermid/Reuters

Stephan Barth from hop company Barth Haas Group said: There has been a considerable tightening of supplies on the European hop market after the major reduction in the 2015 harvest, with a sharp increase in prices.

Europe will need at least an average harvest in 2016; otherwise, we could see serious supply shortages.

Barth said some hop prices had already shot up by between 35% and 50% depending on type since last summer.

Craft beers are produced by small, independent brewers using traditional methods. Popular styles such as India pale ale can use six times as much hops as typical lagers.

Rabobank analysts Ciska van den Berg and Francois Sonneville forecast an increase in global beer consumption of about 1% in 2016 as drinkers continue to turn to craft beers.

Craft beer accounts for one in every eight pints sold in the US and is becoming more popular elsewhere, according to Bart Watson, the chief economist at the Brewers Association.

Were seeing small and independent brewers spring up in a variety of locations across the globe. Europe, particularly northern Europe, is one area, he said.

Hops often range in price from about $3 a pound to $25 a pound (2-18), but extreme demand can push prices higher.

Hops fall into two main categories: alpha, which give beer its bitterness, and aroma, which enhance smell and flavour. Aroma hops are currently either unavailable or in very short supply, but ways have been found to help brewers.

Barth said: By shifting inventories from well-stocked breweries to those in need, the hop merchants have been able to balance the market.

Sierra Nevada, which helped launch the American craft beer movement with its flagship Pale Ale in 1980, said that given the perishability of hops, brewers will often transfer them to other beer makers if they have more than they need.

Manley said: Sometimes well trade like 60 empty bourbon barrels for 500 pounds of hops, or something like that.

Small brewers are also making beers that use fewer hops, while still retaining their flavour, or using less popular, cheaper varieties.

Rabobank said high prices would bring an increase in plantings, but since it takes three years for a new hop field to reach full yield, hop prices would rise further this year.

This would not affect mainstream beers, where hops make up 2% at most of the price, Barth said. But craft beers have a higher proportion of hops and so an impact on prices may be seen.

Source: http://allofbeer.com/2017/12/09/craft-beer-industry-could-be-caught-on-the-hops-as-shortage-looms/

Drinking Gin Martinis with Musician Amos Lee

Amos Lee may be in the heart of bourbon country but his mind is on a different spirit, gin.

“I’m just a pretty straight gin drinker,” he admits almost as soon as we sit down to chat at the Bourbon & Beyond music festival in Louisville where he’s performing. Even when he orders a Martini, it’s basically gin with a hint of dry vermouth. “If I’m putting three ounces of gin in my Martini, which is generally how I go, I’m not even using half an ounce [of vermouth], I’m using maybe less than a quarter of an ounce. Very dry.”

The great benefit of that recipe is that he pretty much can find a good Martini no matter where he is performing. “I’m not that picky about it,” he says. “And honestly I’ll just drink gin in a cup.”

Just in case, he stocks up on gin before going on the road, “we have a case of St. George Gin for every tour,” he says. And that comes in handy, since usually after gigs the band doesn’t go out but instead “we just hang and listen to music.” While he’s sipping gin, his bandmates are drinking Irish whiskey, bourbon and wine.

He does sometimes get a bit of grief from his bandmates for drinking Martinis. “The Martini is always an interesting drink because it’s always one that people are like ‘oooh, fancy.’ I’m like ‘it’s just gin in a glass.’ It’s not fancy at all. It’s not seven ingredients with a frothy top.”

But he wasn’t always such a single-minded drinker. “I grew up just drinking beer and bourbon,” he remembers. “Like a beer and a shot.” As he learned more about spirits, he developed a real appreciation for whiskey. “I used to be a serious bourbon drinker. But I can’t do it man. My reflux just gets crazy. I love bourbon. I love Scotch. I’m just envious of people who can have a nice three-knuckle bourbon.”

In addition to the discomfort, the acid reflux wasn’t good for his singing career. So, he gave up whiskey. “The brown liquors, man they really get me,” he says woefully. He can still have wine and, of course, gin.

Now he has a small glass of gin before he goes on to perform. But just a bit. “I’ve definitely had shows in my past where I’ve had too much and it doesn’t usually go as well as I think it’s going. Especially the latter half of the set. I could just get a little bit too happy,” he says. So now, “just a nice, little taste and then a nice cocktail after the show and I’m good.”

Source: http://allofbeer.com/2017/12/08/drinking-gin-martinis-with-musician-amos-lee/

5 Superpowers You Never Noticed All Movie Characters Have

We’re used to people in movies having superpowers. Some of them, after all, are hulks or spider-men. But we’re not talking about robot cops and super soldiers in this article. Movies — even ones that aren’t fantasy or sci-fi — often give unearthly abilities to totally ordinary characters simply because that makes it easier to move the plot along. We’re talking about how …

5

Everyone Has Daredevil Hearing In Impossibly Noisy Places

When you’re in a dance club, there is one word you will say at least 500 times a night: “WHAT?!” While ridiculously loud music plays, you and the person next to you will scream “WHAT!?” directly into each other’s ears until the two of you are drunk enough to think it’s a conversation. And it’s the same thing the cab driver yells at you later when you tell him to take you to horblrgble and ablbbb.

In the movies, though, everyone is perfectly capable of having a normal conversation in the noisiest of places — clubs, concerts, gunfights, it doesn’t matter. They’ll trade jokes and make nuanced observations like they were in a soundproof studio. It’s as if no one who has written a movie has ever tried to order a beer or ask a dancing girl about her hobbies. In The Social Network, Sean Tucker delivers an absurdly long story in the center of a noisy club:

In The Matrix, Trinity and Neo have a quiet discussion right next to speakers blasting four billion decibels of Rob Zombie.

Warner Bros. Pictures
What’s your name again!? What? Sorry, did you say, ‘DIG THROUGH THE DITCHES AND BURN THROUGH THE WITCHES?’”
“WHAT?!”

But In Reality …

The deafeningly loud music you hear in clubs doesn’t make it impossible to talk by accident; it’s the whole point. Club owners deliberately turn up the volume to stifle conversation because, exposition or otherwise, time spent talking is time not spent buying overpriced drinks.

4

Women’s Bodies Are Magically Hairless In All Circumstances

If you were to crash-land on a remote desert island or wake up in a coma to find society has collapsed, you’re going to have to give up some conveniences of civilized society. Hygiene and hair maintenance is one of the first things to go. If you’re a man, this means ratty hair and a scraggly beard. If you’re a woman, it means … you’ll still have kissably soft, smooth legs, and well-maintained eyebrows and manicures. At least, that’s what movies and TV shows would have us believe. In Lost, Thundarr The Barbarian, or even “real” shows like Survivor, a woman’s body is able to completely shave itself when you remove razors from the world.

Discovery Studios
“Your legs are so smooth. Are … are you a witch?”

Even the most gripping survival drama of the ’60s, Gilligan’s Island, never displayed anything other than perfectly smooth legs and underarms.

Warner Bros. Television Distribution
It was only a three-hour tour, but they brought enough bikini wax for a six-hour one.

But In Reality …

Despite a female body hair never appearing on camera in the history of the human race, women’s legs are not naturally smooth. To get them hairless, women shave and wax and rub torturous inventions along them. It’s true — if you leave a woman’s leg alone for a day, it will grow enough hair to wig Cleveland. But try telling that to the producers of The Walking Dead. They have to wade through buckets of gore to find a can of chili, but there is always an Epilady to spare for the hot, hairless babes of the wasteland.

3

Everyone Has Crystal-Clear Underwater Vision

If you live in an adventure movie, odds are good that at some point, you’re going to get front-kicked off a boat or shoved into the ocean by an explosion. Luckily, since you’re a character in an adventure movie, you can see perfectly in water, no matter how dark or filled with muck it may be.

This happens so often in movies that it would be truly weird for a character to burst out of the water to complain how they couldn’t see a goddamn thing. You might remember in The Poseidon Adventure how Kurt Russell had to dive into a debris-filled, salty abyss to find the Save Everyone button. Or how in Lost, when Kate and Sawyer notice bodies at the bottom of a pond, and manage to scavenge them for supplies without turning the place into a cloud of disturbed, opaque silt.

Then there’s Lady In The Water, which expects us to believe not only that someone with Paul Giamatti’s body can swim like Aquaman, but also that he can see in an underwater cavern with only a small flashlight. Water is almost a pointless obstacle in movies. Everyone can hold their breath for 20 minutes, see perfectly, and all their electronics work fine.

But In Reality …

Goggles were invented because it’s hard as hell to see underwater, even assuming you’re not surrounded by bubbles, algae, and disturbed muck. Sure, in a pool on a sunny day, you might be able to leer at the unsuspecting butts of the other swimmers, but jump into a pond, river, or reservoir, and you’ll see next to nothing. And not only for the obvious reasons; the human eye is literally not designed to see underwater.

The front of the eye has two lenses which work to focus images on the retina at the back. Refraction takes place when light passes from the air into the cornea, which is much more dense, but water and human corneas have similar densities. So when we open our eyes underwater, incoming light rays are hardly bent, or focused, at all. The inside lens can’t make up for the lost corneal refraction, so the light that reaches the retina isn’t focused and the underwater world looks blurry. Unless you live in a movie, where everyone is apparently half mermaid.

If you want to see all of Hollywood’s underwater powers come together at once, here’s a clip from Alien: Resurrection, everybody’s favorite Alien movie. These magical assholes not only navigate a long, flooded, garbage-filled passageway with no lighting, but also spot the Xenomorphs following them and shoot at them with grenade launchers, with perfect accuracy, while holding their breath in the dark and dragging a handicapped guy. It’s incredible.

Exploding an acid-filled monster right next to themselves barely even disturbs their swimming.

And speaking of incredible underwater powers …

2

Sleeping People Can’t Drown

Imagine a movie character getting into a boat/plane/aquatic train accident in the dead of night and getting thrown overboard. They are knocked unconscious, hopelessly adrift in the merciless sea. Can you imagine being surprised when a snap cut shows them washed up on a beach and they, what’s this? They’re stirring! They’re alive!

No, of course not. Everyone who has ever gone into the ocean unconscious in a movie has woken up on a nearby island or in the bed of the person currently leaning over them. If movies are to be believed, the best way to survive at sea is to punch yourself in the jaw.

In The Walking Dead, Tara falls off a bridge with several flesh-eating monsters, only to wash up hours later unconscious and unharmed.

But In Reality …

The mammalian diving reflex exists, and it tends to keep humans awake during exposure to water. But these characters wash ashore completely conked out. Real people can’t sleep through that. Weirdly enough, some have tried. When you start breathing water into your lungs, your choices are 1) wake up coughing and pissed off, or 2) be dead. So while we might believe that movie characters can see underwater perfectly while holding their breath for ten minutes and winning a gunfight, we draw the line at thinking they can stop and take a nap.

1

Everyone Hanging From a Ledge Has Gorilla Grip Strength

You’ve seen it a hundred times — the beloved protagonist goes over a cliff! “Oh no!” You shout! “Shut up!” someone else shouts. And it turns out someone else was right, because that protagonist isn’t dead. They’ve grabbed on to the side of the cliff/building/perilous edge, and are hanging on by their fingertips. Whew!

It really doesn’t matter how fit, chubby, male, female, young, or old the character is; that person is in no more danger. Remember how in Back To The Future, Doc Brown — an elderly scientist with presumably average-to-below upper body strength — managed to hang onto a sharp metal bar for the entire third act?

This happens all the time. In Smallville, Lois Lane, a young lady of unremarkable strength, holds onto a flagpole with one hand for minutes while Superman fusses at her.

But In Reality …

Most of us and our flabby bodies would splatter on the ground. Humans are notoriously weak even before corn syrup turns them into wads of soft meat and diabetes. The key to grip strength is in the forearms and hands, and you really only get that from purposeful, specific workouts. It’s why so many people fall into the water on American Ninja Warrior despite looking like jacked, less likable Chris Pratts. Hanging from your arms has a very finite time limit.

Merely hanging from a bar for one minute — without having to catch it in mid-fall — is something that takes practice even if you’re fit. If you’re an old-ass inventor or a teen reporter, you only have a few seconds from the time you find yourself hanging onto something until the time you plummet to your doom. So enjoy them. If you manage to hang there for longer than a minute, congratulations, you’re in a summer blockbuster and you’re probably about to meet Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson!

Ryan makes a weird, progressive kid’s show you can watch here. Or follow him on Twitter.

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Source: http://allofbeer.com/2017/12/08/5-superpowers-you-never-noticed-all-movie-characters-have/

12 more things in Fallout 4 they don’t tell you, but advanced players need to know

More tips on how to survive in the radioactive wasteland, including how to fight Legendary enemies, hide goodies and carry more stuff

Fallout 4s rich and varied landscape is built for lackadaisical roaming the player characters nicknamed the Wanderer for a reason. The experience isnt about just racing through the main questline or finding the best gear, but assembling your own story from all of Bethesdas tiny interlocking parts.

The Commonwealth is a harsh mistress, however, so we could all use some help and none other than our grizzled survivor Corbyn has heeded your call. Weve already covered the 12 key tips for beginners, so now its time for some more advanced instruction. Lets really get those Super Mutants quaking in their boots.

1. VATS tricks

Fallout 4s Vault-Tec Assisted Targeting System (VATS) mechanic slows time down to a crawl, and allows you to target specific body parts of enemies and displaying the chance of hitting them in a percentage. This is all many players use it for but there are several kinks to the way VATS operates that can make all the difference in a tight spot.

Our Fallout 4 character Corbyn is probably overdoing it by Crit-ing a bloodbug. Photograph: Bethesda

The obvious ones first: use VATS when your guns empty and, for the AP cost of that shot, youll get both the shot and a free reload. Critical hits build up over time in VATS and can then be stored until you want to use them yes these do great damage, but much more importantly theyre guaranteed to hit even if your normal shot only has a 1% chance. This is useful but in fights against enemies with specific weak points, such as the fusion core on power armour, save that Crit and zoom into VATS the second their model turns sideways 1% chance is all you need for the shot that ends the fight.

Crits are also useful for taking out the combat inhibitors on the back of mechanical enemies.

But it doesnt end there! One of the most useful functions of VATS is that your aim will be centred on any enemy you shot at after youve exited VATS. Think of this as at least one free shot and, thanks to the shonky enemy AI, usually many more if theyre still alive after using VATS, just spam that trigger.

2. Fraggle Rock!

Messed up that grenade toss? Always throwing it just a second too late as the Raiders scarper? Worry ye not my wasteland friend, for there are two magnificent tricks to frags that will turn your throwing arm into the envy of Shane Warne.

First one is obvious when you think about it: a well-placed bullet will prematurely detonate your grenade. Hit the VATS button as soon as you throw and youll find you can target the grenade, though depending on its location your shot chance will be different (this is another great opportunity for using the guarantee of a Crit.) And boom no more legs for your luckless foes.

As you can see, no enemies have yet noticed my explosive presence. Timing grenades is especially useful against crowds of weaker enemies.

The second trick, however, is even sneakier. A glitch in Fallout 4s way of slowing down game time during VATS means that, if your grenade has landed and you then target and shoot an enemy using VATS, the grenade will explode during the VATS shots. That is, you dont need to target the grenade at all if its in the right place, just target the enemy in VATS and it will explode near-instantaneously.

3. Getting legless

This one can be a lifesaver for when youre just out on a relaxing stroll and run into a randomly generated tough-as-nails Legendary enemy. Many of these enemies, after taking roughly half damage, will mutate into a tougher form and regain their lost health. What a joke.

This is how I like my Legendary enemies legless and toothless. Now cough up that loot! Photograph: Bethesda

The one thing that doesnt regenerate, however, is limb damage. When fighting Fallout 4s normal enemies you dont really need to target limbs so much so its easy to forget about this tactic, but it is absolutely the core part of my strategy against Legendaries. If its a Legendary Super Mutant, where were worried about their weapon, focus on the arms if they mutate, youve crippled the arm by that point and their accuracys dived. If its a Legendary Ghoul, blow off the legs, and then the mutated second stage can only look up in abject apology as you line up the combat shotgun.

4. Radical Stags

The greatest enemy in Fallout 4, the bane of every player, the most despicable sentence in the Commonwealth: Youre carrying too much and cant run!

God I hate it. There are several common workarounds: load up your companion, use the Solo Wanderer/Dogmeat glitch and so on. But when youre stuck in a lovely loot zone and just need that bit extra to get outdoors and fast-travel home, you want Grilled Radstag.

OK it doesnt LOOK very appetising, but when your other options are mole rats or Spam …

You see Radstags everywhere, usually in groups of two or three. Make a rule of slaughtering these defenceless creatures, and grilling them up at a cooking station because it adds +25 carry weight. Eat that and youll feel the benefit for an hour, but why not wash it down with a bottle of alcohol (+10 carry weight) and have an extra 35 on your weight limit. Because no trinket should be left behind.

5. Sleep well

What do you mean you never sleep? True, you dont really need to but occasionally a nice rest is just whats needed to heal up and see the sun again. One aspect of sleeping that is possible to overlook, however, is where the bed is.

If you really want to maximise XP gain, do this before handing in quests youve already completed. Photograph: Bethesda

Sleep in a bed that you own (in a settlement for example), or rent a room for the night and your character not only heals but gains a Well Rested bonus that gives 10% extra XP for eight in-game hours.

6. Sticky business

You could write a whole article about Fallout 4s crafting system, but one thing everyone needs more of is adhesive. Luckily theres a simple solution waiting in the cookery pot: have your settlements farm corn, mutfruit and tatos for subsistence. Perfectly respectable foods, but you can use these stores to pick the bottom option at a cooking stove and make Vegetable Starch each one worth a whopping five adhesive.

Vegetable starch goes into your junk inventory, so always remember to transfer it to storage before taking off.

7. Pick up named junk

This ones simple to the point of obvious: youll sometimes come across otherwise standard loot that has a modifier in the name, for example Rich Stantons beer. This means it is an exceptional beer for an exceptional man or, in other words, a key item for a quest you havent yet picked up. So pick it up and, down the road, youll be able to hand in that quest immediately.

The jazzy Hubris Comics office has plenty of interesting stuff, and make sure you take a close look at the props.

You may not actually make it through youor birthday if you eat this revolting morsel. However, it has a special name which means it could well be part of a later quest. Grab that sucker.

8. Hazmat and Hat

Two items of clothing I keep on me permanently are a Hazmat suit and a hat that grants +3 Charisma. The utility of the first is obvious: everywhere in Fallout 4 is more or less radioactive, and youll find some nasty spots. Its not convenient to fetch Power Armour for every little cubbyhole, so a Hazmat suit just always makes life easier.

Among the games weather effects are radiation storms which, if they catch you in the open, can be trouble but not with the humble Hazmat. Photograph: Bethesda

Hazmats are around theres one on sale in Diamond City but this is where I stumbled across mine relatively early on. Photograph: Bethesda

The hat I combine with some Grape Mentats (make at any cooking station) for when I need to sell a lot of gear or buy something big. Why not get your moneys worth?

9. Use it, dont lose it

Advice from bitter experience: dont just jump into the water willy nilly while wearing power armour. It sinks and, while most bodies of water in the game have a way out, some of them dont and youll have to abandon it there. Also, dont ever get rid of a companion wearing power armour by sending them back to a settlement my snazzy Flames set is still out there somewhere.

You can repair damaged power armour with steel but even without it the basic frame provides some protection and the suits usual abilities.

Finally, dont get out of it in a non-settlement area without removing the fusion core. Even if you cant see any enemies. Theres nothing so humiliating as getting out to stretch your legs, waking up a nest of raiders, and watching open-mouthed as they hijack your beautiful suit.

10. Mystery Meat

OK, I said I wouldnt be too specific but this is too good to pass up. On the far east of the Commonwealth (shown in the image) you can find Longneck Lukowskis cannery. On entering youll see a short exchange between two characters and can then offer to help with a pest problem in the building.

Looks delicious though, as ever in Bethesdas post-apocalyptic worlds, no-ones cleaned up for 200 years.

This kicks off a short-but-sweet mission, but the reason its great to visit here is that theres an office at the top of the building containing both the Barter bobblehead which permanently decreases buying prices by 5% and an issue of Tales of A Junktown Jerky Vendor, which applies its own discount depending on how many copies you have. Basically youre walking out of there after a 10-minute mission with everything in the Commonwealth 10% cheaper.

This is where youll find Longneck Lukowskis cannery, an essential visit for the savvy scavenger.

Bonus points: in the final confrontation, you can make your opponent surrender if you get them low enough, and make a very … interesting choice. Oh, and do apply the earlier tips about Legendaries and frags when youre exploring. Wouldnt want to end up in a can now, would we?

11. Give them a Minute, man

The Minutemen are rather worthy and dull sorts, all about helping out ones neighbour and looking out for each other. Blah blah blah, point me to the bad guys right?

Some people like Preston, but he constantly moans when youre hoovering up junk so I think hes a circle button. Photograph: Bethesda

The Castles replaced Sanctuary as my main settlement, because a half-destroyed castle looks cooler than half-destroyed bungalows.

Me too. But its worth zooming through the early Minutemen quests, which are all very easy, just to reach the point where you re-take a location called the Castle. First of all, when youre doing the quests beforehand, take Preston as your companion because completing each one depends on reporting back to him.

Take the Castle, go off and do something else, and soon enough someone will turn up looking for you. Go to see her and within 10 minutes youll bag a Fat Man portable nuke launcher, an absolute ton of ammo and a great armour set, and unlock artillery positions for every settlement.

12. And … smile

Though Ive loved much of my time with Fallout 4, it is a game filled with bugs and glitches that can on occasion really ruin your day. Ive lost hours of progress through annoying problems with the save system, seen my companions fly into the sky and disappear, even failed a mission because of an NPC that decided to walk to the bottom of a lake.

But its worth remembering that, for all the frustrations it brings, the janky side of Bethesda games can have real charm too. Use Corbyns tips wisely, comrades, and enjoy these dancing Mirelurks.

Source: http://allofbeer.com/2017/12/07/12-more-things-in-fallout-4-they-dont-tell-you-but-advanced-players-need-to-know/